Habitat creation and ecological restoration purposes

Flora locale, updated 2012

Habitat creation is one aspect of ecological restoration, the purposes of which are clearly explained in the Society for Ecological Restoration's 'Primer'.

Habitat creation aims to:
  • create an area that will be a refuge for wild animals and plants
  • enable wild flora and fauna to colonise a new area, recover or expand back into areas from where they have been lost or have become scarce owing to habitat destruction or damage.

At a large scale, habitat creation can play a vital role in restoring ecosystem function.

Created and restored sites can be designed to:

  • meet local and national targets for expanding and recovering important habitat types and threatened species
  • provide attractive and wildlife-rich public green-space in the countryside or urban environment
  • maximize the wildlife potential of land when restoring recently-worked quarries (e.g. gravel pits) or other previously used land
  • mitigate against the adverse impacts of development schemes, such as road construction or new residential developments.

In summary, created sites can be designed to serve multiple objectives, including:

  • wildlife conservation
  • public access, well-being and enjoyment
  • landscape enhancement
  • protection of archaeological sites (e.g. by reverting arable land to wildflower grassland)
  • protection of other natural resources, such as soils and water, e.g. by revegetating land liable to erosion
  • restoring ecosystem function

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Page last modified on Friday 22 of June, 2012 18:01:27 BST